WHO has developed a Refugee and Migrant Health Toolkit, a web-based one-stop comprehensive platform of tools and resources, to support global, regional and country efforts in implementing health and migration-related activities.
Migration and displacement often affect the physical and mental health and well-being of people, especially those who were forced to flee their homes. It can have a particular impact on people displaced across borders or within their own countries, and those in irregular situations or with vulnerabilities and specific health and safety needs.
Refugees and migrants may face multiple factors such as their migrant status; national migration policies; and linguistic, cultural, economic, and social barriers that often hinder their access to health services.
It is essential that countries have strong and inclusive health systems equipped with the necessary knowledge and tools to support decision-makers and health workers to meet the health needs and rights of these populations and advance the health and migration agenda So to receive.
Dr Santino Severoni, Director of the WHO Health and Migration Programme, said: “We have developed a toolkit to help countries design, develop and implement health and migration policies, strategies and services based on evidence and technical soundness. ” “We hope that Member States will use this single-source, operational and user-friendly toolkit in the implementation of health and migration-related activities, including the Global Action Plan (GAP)” Promoting the Health of Refugees and Migrants, 2019-2023 “, and regional action plans with similar goals.”
One-stop source of information, guidance and tools
The toolkit includes modules for each of the six priorities of GAP 2019-2023 with 18 tools:
- Module 1: Short and Long Term Public Health Interventions To promote refugee and migrant health. The tools in this module highlight common communicable and non-communicable diseases, including mental health, public health emergencies, and immunization.
- Module 2: Mainstreaming Refugee and Migrant Health Access to more inclusive people-centred health services on the global, regional and country agenda. The tools in this module discuss how to mainstream refugees and migrants into plans and initiatives; access to primary health care and infrastructure; maternal and child health; and sexual and reproductive health, along with gender-based violence.
- Module 3: Tackling the Social Determinants of Health and workers and occupational health and safety. The tools in this module highlight urban health, climate change, water and sanitation, occupational and worker health and safety, and how these areas can help bridge the health equity gap between migrants and the overall population.
- Module 4: Country Assessment, Health Surveillance and Health Information Systems, The tools in this module aim to strengthen data collection methodology, analysis, health information systems, monitoring and evaluation of migrant health.
- Module 5: Communication, countering misconceptions and increasing community engagement, The tools in this module deal with communication and combating misinformation and the participation of refugees and migrants in decision-making processes and campaigns at national and local levels for the successful implementation of public health programmes.
- Module 6: Collaboration and Partnership, This module provides guidance on mechanisms and strategies to enhance cooperation and partnership among countries, regions, UN system agencies and other stakeholders to work towards global health and humanitarian cooperation.
Each module includes a summary of key topics, a list of actions for stakeholders to consider, links to the latest available guidance, case studies and reports, training materials and other WHO publications on relevant topics. An introductory section provides essential knowledge related to the health of refugees and migrants, addressing definitions, global trends, legal frameworks and resolutions.
The tools are not prescriptive. They can be adapted to each specific context, region and community to inform context-specific analysis and approaches to refugee and migrant health.
The preferred platform for policy-makers, planners and implementers
WHO Member States, WHO country offices, UN partners and non-governmental actors working in refugee and migrant health can use the Refugee and Migrant Health Toolkit to implement health programs that are truly equitable and Are inclusive and evaluate and support national health plans and strategies. Promote the health of refugees and migrants and host populations.