Do you know these facts about miscarriage and pregnancy? :shots

Despite all the headlines about the procedure, many Americans don’t know basic facts about abortions or who gets them, according to a new NPR/Ipsos poll.

Take the quiz below — it has the same questions as the poll — and test your own knowledge. Then, read on to understand more about how the facts add up to the abortion debate.

The number of legal abortions has mostly declined over time.

The question that the fewest number of survey takers answered correctly pertains to the decline in the number of legal abortions in the United States over time. Only 19% correctly estimated the statement to be true, while 28% said the statement was false, and 53% said they did not know. One per cent skipped the question. Ipsos surveyed 1,005 adults on January 5-9.

Over the past 30 years there has been an overall decline in the absolute number of abortions, according to numbers from both the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and the Guttmacher Institute, a research group that supports abortion rights. The numbers began to rise in 2017, according to Guttmacher, but are still much lower than in the years following the row. On June 24, 2022, the dobbs overturned the constitutional right to abortion established in Roe v. Wade,

Factors potentially driving this trend include increased access to contraception; A shift toward longer-lasting forms of birth control, such as the IUD, and a decline in sexual activity over time.

Why does this matter? Opinions about why this is happening are used to argue for various abortion policies. For example, groups opposing abortion rights, such as the March for Life, have argued that the decline is a result of new laws that have reduced access to the procedure.

However, the Guttmacher Institute found that restrictions on access to abortion were not the main reason for the decline in procedures. Between 2011 and 2017, some states that set new limits and states that did not had the same rate of decline. In 2020, the number of abortions increased somewhat but is still below the 1980s rate.

early miscarriages are most common

The statement that most miscarriages occur in the first three months of pregnancy elicited the most accurate “true” responses out of four questions surveyed. More than half of the people surveyed (56%) gave the correct answer.

According to 2020 data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, more than 80% of abortions occur at or before 9 weeks’ gestation and more than 93% at or before 13 weeks, regardless of whether abortions occur later in pregnancy Huh.

The average person who gets an abortion is in their 20s and has had other children

Twenty-nine percent of people gave the correct answer ‘False’ when asked to evaluate the statement, “Most women who have abortions are teenagers.” Another 12% said the statement was ‘true’, and 48% said they did not know. The other 1% skipped the question.

According to the CDC, the majority of women (57%) who get abortions are in their 20s and about 61% are already parents. Most have low income.

Research into the reasons for the process shows that time, finances and the need to care for other children are the top concerns.

“It’s really being used to control risk within a family,” Dr. Louise Perkins King, director of reproductive bioethics at Harvard Medical School’s Center for Bioethics. King says parents are weighing their needs and the needs of the entire family when making this decision.

‘Practicality’ is hard to define

According to the survey, more than two-thirds of Americans misjudged the likelihood of a fetus having a “strong chance of survival outside the womb” if it was born at 20 weeks. Thirty percent chose the statement as ‘False’, 23% as the incorrect answer ‘True’ and 45% as ‘Don’t know’. One percent skipped the question.

According to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, while advances have been made in the care of extremely premature births, 94–95% of infants born before 23 weeks of pregnancy die within their first month. Most of those who survive have neurological and/or physical impairment.

Nevertheless, political discussion of banning abortion at 20 or 21 weeks continues. Just last week, Minnesota state representative Marion O’Neill (R-Right) used the word “feasibility” to argue for an amendment to a bill codifying abortion rights in that state.

“We have found and saved young, in utero babies that were born as early as 22 weeks, maybe even 21,” he said during a discussion in the Minnesota House of Representatives. “The age of viability has become earlier, and earlier, and earlier.”

Many doctors say this framing is misleading. ACOG’s abortion guidelines read, “The term feasibility is used in the political sphere and is defined in proposed legislation with respect to medical evidence or the facts of a particular case.”

For starters, pregnancy measurement itself is not accurate. Because it is difficult to determine the exact date of conception in most pregnancies, counting initially began with the date of the person’s last menstrual period. Later estimates of gestational age based on ultrasound have a margin of error. So the “age” of most pregnancies is an estimate.

As a result, according to King, doctors looking for extremely premature birth must look at a number of other factors, such as weight and fetal development. Every pregnancy is different.

“The legislation around this topic is absurd,” she says. However, according to an analysis by the Brennan Center for Justice, a left-leaning law and policy think tank, state laws on abortion include misinformation about pregnancy.

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